Smoking and Cancer

Risk, facts, statistics, treatment and medical advances


For too long smoking and cancer has been understood in the context of lung cancer. In medicine there are what are referred to as risk factors. These in themselves do not necessarily cause a disease but rather predisposes an individual to a particular disease.

Smoking is a risk factor for particular cancers such as cervical cancer.In some cases such as lung cancer smoking directly causes the cancer. Just as much, smokeless tobacco such as chewing tobacco and snuff also causes cancer of the throat and oral cancer on the gums and under the tongue. These pictures particularly show the dreadful health effects of smokeless tobacco.

Smoking and cancer risk is the reality that people who continue to smoke cigarettes must contend with. Depending on the length of time one has been smoking and how many cigarettes they smoke per day, risk is increased for bladder, kidney, pancreas and stomach cancer as well as ovarian tumors.

The link between smoking and cancer is not really hidden. It is rooted in the carcinogens contained in the 4000 chemicals and toxins produced in cigarette smoke. Nicotine predisposes smokers to cancer in its own way as in the case of cervical cancer but on the whole the main culprit is the carcinogens.

Smoking related cancer facts show that these carcinogens muddle in cell affairs by playing with cell genetics thereby creating precancerous conditions. They cause cells to grow out of control. Smoking related cancer statistics are shocking. They show that 9 out of 10 of all lung cancers are caused by smoking. People who smoke double their chance of developing cancer than a person who does not smoke.

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The sad news is that people who smoke not only expose cancer risk to themselves but also to those who participate in the smoking unwittingly via second hand smoke. This is the reason behind stricter smoking laws in many countries. Breast cancer risk increases courtesy of second hand smoke. This was revealed in a research by the California Environmental Protection Agency in 2005.

Smoking and cancer facts and statistics

  • Smoking is responsible for 30% of all cancer deaths.
  • Smokers multiply their chances of developing cancer 20 times than non-smokers
  • Second hand smoking is responsible for several thousand lung cancer deaths each year.
  • The risk of developing lung cancer is reduces sharply by quitting.
  • In 1992 146 000 people in the US died of lung cancer.
  • In 2003 an estimated 13 000 people died of bladder cancer.
  • In the United States esophageal cancer is mostly cause by smoking.
  • Mouth ulcer development risk is increased by cigarette smoking.

Smoking and cancer treatment

The first and most important thing when talking about smoking and cancer is to quit smoking. In fact research has show that lung cancer patients who quit smoking after finishing treatment are less likely to have a recurrence of the disease.

Cancer treatment will depend on the type of cancer, where exactly it has occurred in your body. The treatment may include chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery or all three. In the case of sugery,treatment might involve the removal of part of a patient's lungs or a removal of a kidney in kidney cancer.

It is possible for cancer treatment to fail. Medical health professionals would normally go for palliative care. This involves treatment which gives the best quality of life possible to the patient under the circumstances.

Smoking and cancer medical advances

Credit is due to the rapid technological advancements.They have made it possible to accomplish in 5 years what was accomplished in 25 years when it comes to cancer treatment. Even though deaths from from cancers such as lung cancer remain high, new treatment technics have been introduced.

New drugs have also been introduced such as Gardisil a cervix cancer vaccine, Nexavar for kidney cancer treatment and Arimidex for breast cancer.


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Follow the link to read more on nicotine side effects

Follow the link to read more on stop smoking tips



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