Smoking and conception and fertility

Covering link between smoking and infertility in males and females

Smoking and conception is a major concern in many people who smoke especially those planning on a baby. If you smoke and are wondering, research has indeed shown that infertility and failing to conceive is amongst the dangers of smoking.

The best scientific data available today indicate that smoking affects the reproductive health of both men and women.Smoking and conception in men works in the form of lower sperm count, motility and increased abnormalities in the shape and function of the sperm. The reduction of "motile" sperm in men means that the good swimmers the ones that would naturally score fail.

Research involving smoking and infertility on the side of men is however inconclusive. In women smoking and conception is clearly linked. The time it takes to conceive in smokers is much longer as compared to non-smokers. This can run into months and even a year of trying and failing.

Cigarette smoking tampers with the ovaries of a woman. The extent of harm is directly linked to the levels of smoking and the length of time one has been smoking. It matters whether a woman is a light or heavy smoker and if they have been smoking for 2 months or 10 years.

Smoking affects conception in women by what appears to be an acceleration of loss of eggs and the general reproductive function.In fact menopause also appears to set in by several years as compared to non-smokers.

Women who start smoking at 18 years old are three times more likely to enter menopause before their 40th birthday than non-smokers.

Smoking and fertility link seem to be anchored in certain components in cigarette smoke that disrupt the normal ability of ovary cells to make estrogen. This predisposes a woman's eggs to genetic abnormalities.

The damage to natural fertility caused by smoking may not be reversed by assisted reproductive technologies. On the other hand women and men who stop smoking whilst trying to conceive have regained their fertility and become pregnant no-longer than non-smokers.

Apart from smoking and fertility issues in men and in women, smoking in pregnant women is known to cause grievous harm to the unborn. Smoking while pregnant is a deadly affair. This is equally the case to nursing mothers who smoke whilst breastfeeding.


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