Nicotine vaccine...what it is, its effectiveness and side effects
Nicotine vaccine is an emerging concept which clearly indicates the troubles associated with nicotine addiction. It is admittedly a mind boggling innovation the scientific world has ever offered in the fight for smoking cessation and against nicotine addiction.
To understand how a nicotine vaccine works it's best to first have a glean at how nicotine and the brain works. Nicotine contains molecules called nicotine molecules that exist in your bloodstream when you smoke. These cross from your bloodstream into the brain and attach themselves to the nicotine receptors in the brain causing an addiction.
The primary mission of the vaccine for nicotine is to keep nicotine from the brain for as long as is required. The vaccine raises alarm within your body thereby causing the body to mobilize an army of nicotine-specific antibodies that rush to bind themselves to nicotine molecules.
Once this is achieved the nicotine molecule attached to an antibody becomes too big to to cross the blood-brain barrier making it impossible for the molecule to reach and attach itself to the respective brain receptors.
The result: prevention of the highly-addictive sensation sought after by smokers and addicted users of nicotine products such as chewing tobacco.The vaccine essentially treats nicotine addiction and prevents smoking relapse. The statistics of smoking relapse are significantly high and indeed worrisome.
The vaccine has a potential to be a very powerful nicotine addiction treatment aid. It makes smoking less and less of a rewarding experience to the smoker by taking away nicotine pleasure over a period of time. The other result are smoking newbies that might actually never get hooked. This would also apply to occasional intermittent smokers.
Those who are hooked altogether also have something to write home about as the vaccine for nicotine would probably be a magic bullet to end a long and expensive, and deadly addiction.
The vaccine is at an advanced stage of development. Work on the vaccine for nicotine began as way back as the early 2000s. NicVAX is the brand name of this first ever nicotine vaccine in the world. It's being developed by Nabi Biopharmaceuticals based in the USA. Click here to read more about NicVax. The clinical trials, its side effects and other concerns.
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